Thyroid gland is one of the largest endocrine gland in the body found in the anterior neck, below the laryngeal prominence (Adam’s Apple). Metabolism of the body is controlled by the endocrineglands in the body and one of which is thyroid. The gland produces thyroid hormones that regulate the growth and rate of function of many other systems in the body. The most common thyroid problems include abnormal production of thyroid hormones. Overproduction of thyroid hormone results in a condition known as hyperthyroidism. Hypothyroidism stems up from underproduction of thyroid hormones. As certain amounts of thyroid hormones are required for body’s energy production, a drop in hormone production leads to lower energy levels in hypothyroidism. These two conditions may be due to other underlying cause or disease.
Hyperthyroidism is more common in women than in men ranging between the age 30 to 50years.Tremors, irritation, anxiousness, diarrhoea, flushing, heat intolerance, menstrual disturbances, lack of energy, anger on the slightest remark, palpitations, rapid shallow respiration are few of the symptoms identified in hyperthyroidism. In Hypothyroidism, the patient may experience fatigue, depression, slow pulse, low blood pressure, hoarsness of voice, weight gain, loss of vitality, swelling of skin and subcutaneous tissue, puffy face etc. The management of thyroid dysfunction may vary depending upon the symptoms and the type. In general Diet and lifestyle changes, herbal formulations, yoga are advised for the management of conditions related to thyroid dysfunction.
Various Ayurvedic detoxifying procedures like Abhyanga(Oil massage), Swedana(fomentation), Udwartana(Rubbing of herbal choornas over the body), Virechana(therapeutic purgation), Basti(Therapeutic enema),Nasya(Instilling drops in the nostrils) may be done in such conditions. Ayurveda herbs such as Amalaki(Indian gooseberry), kanchnar, punarnava, shilajit, guggul etc. may be used in various forms to treat hypothyroidism.
Foods such as cabbage, sprouts, broccoli, cauliflower, sweet potatoes, maize, lima beans, soya and pearl millet, junk and fatty foods should be limited as they contain natural chemicals that cause the enlargement of the thyroid gland by interfering with thyroid hormone synthesis. Avoid substances that are sour and heavy for digestion. Smoking depresses TH levels and produces chronic underlying hypothyroidism. Foods that are rich in iodine, such as beetroot, radish, parsley, potatoes, fish, oatmeal and bananas should be kept in the diet. Ayurveda advises old rice, green gram, cucumber, milk and milk products that should be consumed. Lifestyle changes include regularly doing exercises such as walking, swimming, running and cycling that plays an important role in controlling hypothyroidism. Reduction of stress is essential for proper functioning of the gland. Practising Yogasanas such as Sarvangasana, Matsyasana, Halasana, Suryanamaskara, Pavanmuktasana and Supta Vajrasana and Pranayamahave proved to be very effective in hypothyroidism.
MSRICAIM has specialized consultants who can suggest the right management approach for this condition.
For more details and booking:
M S Ramaiah Indic Centre for Ayurveda and
Integrative Medicine (MSR ICAIM)
A unit of Gokula Education Foundation (Medical)
New BEL Road, MSR Nagar
Bengaluru – 54