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In the earlier times, the physician had the liberty to modify the composition of any preparation according to the prevailing local condition and with a view to serving the need of any individual patient. In the course of time, though the name of the formulation remained the same, variation in composition became an established practice. This resulted in the same preparation having different compositions as well as different therapeutic indications. The increasing needs of the population and acute shortage of authentic raw materials have made it incumbent that some sort of uniformity in the manufacturing of Ayurvedic medicines should be brought about. There are many drugs mentioned in Ayurveda with varied characters, but their identification and study is a laborious process. The prime difficulty faced in Dravya guna is the identification of drugs, which is possible when the monogram of each drug is legalized. The therapeutic uniformity is secured and established by physical, morphological, biological and chemical assays of each drug. It should be noted that herbal drug standardization is not new to Ayurveda. Acharya Charaka had mentioned about this in his treaties ‘Charaka Samhita’ in Vimana Sthana 8/87. There are some additional parameters described in Ashtanga Sangraha Sutra Sthana 23/8, regarding the examination of a drug. For the utilization of proper medication, Acharya Charaka has mentioned in Siddhi Sthana 6/15-16 as – “The drug should be known as the proper medication which is required to be taken in small dosages, which is quick in action and is curative of even an excessive degree of morbidity, which is easy to take, easier to digest, palatable, pleasing, curative of the particular disease, not harmful even if complications arise, not an aggressive depressant and possess the most agreeable smell, odour, and taste.”
Journey of Ayurveda